Tuesday, October 31, 2017

How to configure Jenkins master/slave nodes in Ubuntu - Jenkins master and slave setup on Ubuntu

Jenkins has powerful feature of master slave architecture which enables distributed builds. This article we will learn how to establish Jenkins Master and slave nodes on Ubuntu machines.

This lab demo is available on YouTube:

Few info on Jenkins master and slave setup:

Jenkins Master
Your main Jenkins server is the Master. The Master’s job is to handle:
  • Scheduling build jobs.
  • Dispatching builds to the slaves for the actual execution.
  • Monitor the slaves (possibly taking them online and offline as required).
  • Recording and presenting the build results.
  • A Master instance of Jenkins can also execute build jobs directly.
Jenkins Slave
A Slave is a Java executable that runs on a remote machine. Following are the characteristics of Jenkins Slaves:
  • It hears requests from the Jenkins Master instance.
  • Slaves can run on a variety of operating systems.
  • The job of a Slave is to do as they are told to, which involves executing build jobs dispatched by the Master.
  • You can configure a project to always run on a particular Slave machine, or a particular type of Slave machine, or simply let Jenkins pick the next available Slave.
Lets see how to configure both Jenkins master and slave nodes on Ubuntu EC2.

Step 1 - Jenkins master node configuration

(If you have already Jenkins up and running, this step # 1 is not required, Go to next step # 2, slave node configuration)
Install first Java by following below steps. Make sure port 8080 is opened in security group.

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install default-jdk -y

Jenkins (make sure you open port number)

wget -q -O - https://pkg.jenkins.io/debian/jenkins.io.key | sudo apt-key add -
echo deb http://pkg.jenkins.io/debian-stable binary/ | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/jenkins.list
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install jenkins -y
now to go to browser --> http://server_ip_address:8080/
Copy the password from this location
By entering
sudo cat /var/lib/jenkins/secrets/initialAdminPassword
Paste the password and click on install suggested plug-ins.
Create SSH keys in master node by executing below command:

ssh-keygen (no need to enter any password, just enter three times)

Step # 2 Slave node configuration(you need new micro Ubuntu 18.0.4 instance for this slave)
only port 22 needs to be open

Install Java

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install default-jdk -y

Install Maven
sudo apt-get install maven -y

Create User as Jenkins
sudo useradd -m jenkins
sudo -u jenkins mkdir /home/jenkins/.ssh

Add SSH Keys from Master to Slave 
Execute the below command in Jenkins master Ec2 to print the ssh keys.
sudo cat ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub
If you do not have keys, create using ssh-keygen command.
Copy the output of the above command:

Now go to Slave node and execute the below command
sudo -u jenkins vi /home/jenkins/.ssh/authorized_keys

This will be empty file, now copy the public keys from master into above file.
Once you pasted the public keys in the above file in Slave, come out of the file by entering wq!

Now go into master node
ssh jenkins@slave_node_ip

this is to make sure master is able to connect slave node. once you are successfully logged into slave, type exit to come out of slave.

Now copy the SSH keys into /var/lib/jenkins/.ssh by executing below command in master(make sure you exited from slave by typing exit command:

sudo cp ~/.ssh/known_hosts  /var/lib/jenkins/.ssh

Because jenkins master will look keys from the above folder.

Step # 3 Register slave node in Jenkins:
Now to go Jenkins Master, manage jenkins, manage nodes.

Click on new node. give name and check permanent agent. Click Ok to create the slave node.
in the next screen
give name and no of executors as 1. enter /home/jenkins as remote directory.
select launch method as Launch slaves nodes via SSH.
enter Slave node ip address as Host.

click on credentials. Enter user name as jenkins. Make jenkins lowercase as it is shown.
 Kind as SSH username with private key. enter private key of master node directly by executing below command:

sudo cat ~/.ssh/id_rsa
(Make sure you copy the whole key including the below without missing anything)


click Save.
select Host key verification strategy as "manually trusted key verification strategy".

Click Save. Now click on Log in drop down like shown below.

It should connect and show like this...no red marked error..

Now you can kick start building the jobs, you will see Jenkins master runs jobs in slave nodes.

Sunday, October 22, 2017

How to configure webhooks in Bitbucket to trigger a build in Jenkins? How to trigger automated builds in Jenkins through Bitbucket?

Jenkins jobs can be triggered many ways. Here are those ways:

1. pull - using poll scm
2. Webhooks (push mechanism) - by triggering a build from Bitbucket or GitHub for every repository changes.
3. through slack channel. Click here to learn about trigger Jenkins job using Slack.

Webhooks are triggers that enables developers to trigger Jenkins jobs automatically every time there is a code change.

we will see in this article how to trigger a(push) build for every change in bitbucket repository:

Changes needed in Jenkins

1. Click on Manage Jenkins.   
2. Click on Configure Global Security. 
3. Uncheck the option for Prevent Cross Site Request Forgery exploits
4. In matrix-based security change: 

for Anonymous user, do the below:

Overall - Read   
Job - Build  
Job - Read   

Job - Workspace

Select the job you would like to configure webhook is for. Choose configure Also you need to have token created for the job you would like to trigger. Click on the build job. Go to triggers section and click on Trigger builds remotely (e.g., from scripts)

 Authentication Token field. 
Also uncheck poll SCM option(if it was selected earlier) 

Changes in Bitbucket

1. go to bitbucket, choose the repository, go to settings, click on web hooks.

2. enter title, url which is your jenkins job url - append build/?token=myToken
 example the url should be like this - http://jenkins_public_dns_server_url:8080/job/myFirstAutomateJob/build?token=myToken

Sample url is given below:


For e.g.,
jenkins public dns name - jenkins_url:8080
Freestyle job name -  myFirstAutomateJob
token= myToken
3. status should be active
4. click on skip certificate verification
5. triggers --> repository push

Now make a code change in bitbucket to see if that triggers a build in Jenkins automatically.

Monday, October 16, 2017

Tomcat 8 hung on Ubuntu 16.0.4

Apply the below fix when you have tomcat not starting issues:
Actually, by setting the following in /etc/default/tomcat8, I was fine:
JAVA_OPTS="-Djava.security.egd=file:/dev/./urandom -Djava.awt.headless=true -Xmx1024m -XX:MaxPermSize=512m -XX:+UseConcMarkSweepGC"

Sunday, October 15, 2017

sonar-maven-plugin:2.6:sonar: java.lang.UnsupportedClassVersionError: org/sonar/api/utils/SonarException : Unsupported major.minor version 52.0

This issue can be resolved by adding JDK version to 1.8 in POm.xml

Please apply the below fix in POM.xml

Monday, October 9, 2017

Basic provisioning example of EC2 instance using Ansible on AWS

 - name: Basic provisioning example
   hosts: local
   connection: local
   gather_facts: False
   tags: provisioning

     keypair: MyinfraCodeKey
     instance_type: t2.micro
     image: ami-916f59f4
     wait: yes
     group: webserver
     count: 1
     region: us-east-2
     security_group: ansible-webserver-1

     - name: Create a security group
         module: ec2_group
         name: "{{ security_group }}"
         description: Security Group for webserver Servers
         region: "{{ region }}"
            - proto: tcp
              from_port: 22
              to_port: 22
            - proto: tcp
              from_port: 80
              to_port: 80
            - proto: tcp
              from_port: 443
              to_port: 443
            - proto: all
       register: basic_firewall
     - name: Launch the new EC2 Instance
       local_action:  ec2 
                      group={{ security_group }} 
                      instance_type={{ instance_type}} 
                      image={{ image }} 
                      region={{ region }} 
                      keypair={{ keypair }}
       register: ec2

     - name: Add the newly created EC2 instance(s) to the local host group (located inside the directory)
       local_action: lineinfile
                     regexp={{ item.public_ip }}
                     insertafter="[webserver]" line={{ item.public_ip }}
       with_items: "{{ ec2.instances }}"